A cleft lip looks like a separation on the upper lip formed on either side. It happens when there is not enough tissue for the flaps in the lip to fuse. A similar condition called cleft palate forms on the roof of the mouth. These complications happen when the baby is in the womb and there is nothing one can do to prevent it.
Causes of cleft lip and palate
Though the exact reason for a cleft lip cannot be pinpointed, there is a probability that one of the following causes is responsible for it.
1. Genetic conditions: If cleft lip runs in the family, there is a higher chance of acquiring it.
2. Environmental reason: If the mother is exposed to certain radiations, viruses, or chemicals, there is a chance of the fetus getting this abnormality
3. Medication: Certain medications that a mother takes during pregnancy can make the baby vulnerable.