Best Burns clinic in Kukatpally, Kphb, Hyderabad

All that One Should Know About Burns

What are Burns?

Intense skin damage that causes cells to depart is referred to as a burn. The intensity of the burn can vary from minor to major. Depending upon the burn severity, the course of the treatment varies accordingly.

Various tips while dealing with burn injuries-

1) If anyone is having small scalds with some redness that can be treated at home, while any burns with blisters, deeper depth, bigger surface area, or any effect on major joints like spine or ankle need medical attention.
2) Avoid applying ice to a burn. This can lead to more damage to the affected area even more and de-stress the healing process.

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What are the significant symptoms of a burn?

The intensity of a burn majorly depends on the extent of the damage; the amount of skin it affects. The classification of a burn can help one to identify between a minor burn from the one that requires medical attention. Below are the categories that range from minor to severe.

First-degree burn

Under the same, there’s minimal skin damage since only the outer layer ( epidermis) is damaged. They usually get cured within 7-8 days without leaving a scar. It’s generally accompanied by-
1) Redness
2) Minor swelling
3) Pain

Second-degree burn

The second-degree burns usually extend beyond the epidermis and go into the second layer of skin that’s the dermis. The severity of the burn is also more. Depending upon the extent it may heal within 2-3 weeks. Pigment changes usually occur in the skin. It is accompanied by
1) Redness
2) Blisters
3) Pain

Third-degree burn

The damage usually leads to terrible burn injury as the damage reaches the fat. It requires urgent medical attention and there is no fixed time specified for healing. It may not cause any pain if the nerve endings are already damaged. Surgery may also be required to prevent scarring. The signs may include
1) Stiff, waxy skin
2) Leathery skin
3) Dark brown color
4) Undeveloped blisters

Fourth Degree burn

It’s one of the most severe burns categories. Under the same, the damage caused is extended well beyond the skin and might affect muscles and bones. Also same as the third-degree burns, there might be no pain caused if the nerve endings are damaged. Below are the symptoms

1) Blackened skin
2) Charred skin
3) Absence of pain

The first-degree or a second-degree burn may be treated at home but third-degree and fourth-degree burns need medical attention. Also in the case of first degree or a second degree if the burn is major and the area affected is large or the burn is in a major joint like the spine, ankle, elbow, etc it is required to get medical help.

How to manage burns?

The burns that are minor which generally cause pains, blisters, superficial redness, and are smaller than 3 inches in diameter usually don’t require emergency care. With proper care, they can be treated at home. Avoid breaking blisters, if by chance the blister breaks clean it with clean water and mild soap. Apply moisturizer or lotion only after the burn is cooled only to prevent dryness and get pain relief.