History of Indian Plastic Surgery
Plastic surgery has been always in the roots of Indian civilization. Though the rise in plastic and cosmetic surgeries is quite evident these days, and touted as an incredible revolution of the 21st century, you will be amazed to know that, Indians are practicing the plastic surgery from the ages of BC, from 600 BC to be precise.
It all started with “Sushruta”, the student of Devdas, the renowned surgeon king. Devdas is thought to be the incarnation of Dhanwantari (who was a divine physician). Atharva Veda, the foundation of Ayurveda, emphasizes on Charaka Samhitha and Sushrutha Samhitha, the two seminal texts regarding the medicinal aspects, of which, Sushruta Samhitha provides the information about various surgical tools, and techniques to operate them.
Later on, in the 4th century A.D., Vadhbat, a famous Indian physician, had added more details about the plastic surgery procedures in his book, “Ashtanga Hridyans Samhita”, in which he had credited Maharshi Atreya. Various plastic surgery treatments, like rhinoplasty, otoplasty, etc. were mentioned in the book.
Due to the Buddhist missionaries, this knowledge of plastic surgery was widespread in various parts of the world, including Greeks and Romans. In fact, they had visited India, and told about the practicality of the treatments. However, the plastic surgery treatments became tremendously popular after the invention of anesthesia and anti-sepsis in the western world, since there was no pain and danger for the people getting this surgery.
In 1958, the M.C.Hospital in Nagupr, had became the platform for the first plastic surgery department in India.